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Cancer scenario 2015, Guwahati.

Saturday, 13th June 2015, 7:00 pm at Hotel Radisson Blu, Guwahati

Endoscopies

Endoscopy is a medical procedure where a doctor puts a tube-like instrument (endoscope) into the body of the patient, to look inside. There are many types of endoscopies, each designed for looking at a certain part of the body.

Depending on the area of the body being looked at, the endoscope may be put in the mouth, anus, or urethra. In some cases, it’s put in through a small incision (cut) made in the skin.

Endoscopies are a common procedure to expect when you come for a cancer check. Some of the many reasons are listed below:

  • To prevent and screen for cancer
  • To find or detect cancer early
  • Looking for causes of symptoms of cancer. For instance:
  • Laryngoscopy to look at the vocal cords in people with long-term hoarseness
  • Upper endoscopy in people having trouble swallowing
  • Colonoscopy in people with anaemia with an unknown cause
  • Colonoscopy in people with blood in their stool
  • Looking at problems found on imaging tests
  • Imaging tests such as x-rays and CT scans can sometimes show physical changes within the body. But these tests may only give information about the size, shape, and location of the problem. Doctors can use endoscopy to see more details, like colour and surface texture, when trying detect stage and type of cancer

  • To diagnose and find out the stage (extent) of cancer
  • To get a tissue sample
    Most types of endoscopes have too
    ls on the end that allow the doctor to take out small tissue samples. They are then looked at under a microscope or tested in other ways to see if cancer is present. A biopsy is usually the best way to find out if a growth or change is cancer or something else.
  • Getting a closer look
    In some cases endoscopes are used to help find out how far a cancer has spread.
  • To treat cancer
  • Destroying or removing cancer cells
    Endoscopes can be used to take out or destroy small cancers. Small instruments passed through an endoscope can be used to cut out small tumourous growths.
  • Surgery to take out cancer
    Many types of endoscopic tools have been developed to let doctors perform minimally invasive surgery.
  • To relieve symptoms of advanced cancer
    Endoscopes are also be used for palliative treatment (treatment given to reduce or control symptoms) in some cancers that can’t be cured by surgery. For example, instruments passed through endoscopes can be used to remove blockages in the lungs or digestive tract in case a tumour is blocking the way.
  • To diagnose and find out the stage (extent) of cancer
  • To get a tissue sample
    Most types of endoscopes have too
    ls on the end that allow the doctor to take out small tissue samples. They are then looked at under a microscope or tested in other ways to see if cancer is present. A biopsy is usually the best way to find out if a growth or change is cancer or something else.
  • Getting a closer look
    In some cases endoscopes are used to help find out how far a cancer has spread.
  • To treat cancer
  • Destroying or removing cancer cells
    Endoscopes can be used to take out or destroy small cancers. Small instruments passed through an endoscope can be used to cut out small tumourous growths.
  • Surgery to take out cancer
    Many types of endoscopic tools have been developed to let doctors perform minimally invasive surgery.
  • To relieve symptoms of advanced cancer
    Endoscopes are also be used for palliative treatment (treatment given to reduce or control symptoms) in some cancers that can’t be cured by surgery. For example, instruments passed through endoscopes can be used to remove blockages in the lungs or digestive tract in case a tumour is blocking the way.